FEMA Training Bulletin number 1580 announced the publication of the Emergency Management Institute’s (EMI) Online Exercise System Simulation Document (ESSD). The ESSD, quoted from the website is ‘a compilation of information and resources that would typically be available in any community as they respond to and manage an emergency or disaster in a local community.’ The purpose of the ESSD, essentially, is to provide all the information needed for a fictional jurisdiction for use in exercises. If you’ve taken some classes at EMI, the HSEEP course, ICS courses, or other programs from FEMA/EMI, you are probably already familiar with the magical place called Central City.
Central City, Liberty County, and other jurisdictions that are part of this fictional area have been in use for decades. Much of the information published in the ESSD has been available at one point or another, developed to serve the needs of different scenario-based training. The ESSD packages it all conveniently in one place.
While in some training programs, there is direct benefit to developing a scenario grounded in a real location, we often have course participants who come from different areas. While you can still certainly develop a scenario in a real location for use in a class like this, the use of Central City (et al) can be an ideal option. With all the resources and supporting information provided in the ESSD, you likely have everything you need.
Speaking of all that material, what’s in the ESSD? A sampling:
- Community profiles
- Hazard Vulnerability Analysis
- Laws and Ordinances
- Emergency Plans
- Resource and Capability Lists
- Critical Infrastructure
Having used these jurisdictions and much of this material in courses in the past, course managers do need to expect that it will take time for participants to find some information they are looking for. In real life, they may or may not be familiar with certain information sets. The ESSD system was developed to be searchable, which is a huge help, though it’s always good to have one or two paper copies as back ups (note… depending on what you are providing, that may be hundreds of pages). Since many participants are bringing tablets and laptops to class, all that’s needed is internet service to access all this great information.
I do have a couple of noted observations for improvement.
- Having just mentioned printing, I’ll state that first. There doesn’t seem to be a way from within the site to print the material or export it to a PDF. Yes, you can print from your browser, but formatting is drastically thrown off.
- The maps are still horrible. While most of the maps are better than what we’ve had in many of the training materials they have been included in, they are still not high def or zoomable. In fact, many of them are still blurry on my computer screen. For detailed areas, such as the urban Central City, users (and even scenario designers) may have a need to get much closer to the information. The Central City map itself, is still difficult to read, especially the myriad of small icons strewn throughout the map. I would have hoped that re-working this map would have been a priority in the ESSD, as it’s a regular complaint in the classes it’s used in.
Another resource I’ve used in the past (2007 or 2008?) was Zenith City, which was provided by the EPA. Similar to the FEMA ESSD, the EPA provided a wide array of information for the fictional Zenith City and surrounding jurisdictions. While the EPA still has a significant exercise program (if you haven’t checked out their stuff, you should), I don’t know whatever happened to the Zenith City information… it’s no where to be found. (Note: if anyone happens to have the Zenith City material, please let me know! I’d love to add it back into my library of resources!)
I’m thrilled that FEMA pulled all the Central City material together in this collection, and even added new information. Central City has always provided us with a great location to unleash hell on, and allow responders and emergency managers to solve so many problems. I’m just glad I don’t live there!
© 2020 Timothy Riecker, CEDP